[31], Hayden later served in the California State Assembly (1982–1992) and the State Senate (1992–2000). ‘Chicago 7’ revisits 1968 riots, protests and infamous trial James Verniere 9/25/2020. 16 co-conspirators were also named but never prosecuted. As a member of the State Assembly, Hayden introduced the bill that became Chapter 1238 of the California Statutes of 1987. “The effect of this ‘anti-riot’ act is to subvert the first Amendmentguarantee of free assembly by equating organized political protest with organized violence,” it read. Bettmann/Getty ImagesProtesters clash with the National Guard during the August 1968 riots at the Democratic National Convention. He was the author or editor of 19 books, including The Long Sixties: From 1960 to Barack Obama, Writings for a Democratic Society: The Tom Hayden Reader, and his memoir, Reunion, and served on the editorial board of The Nation. By the time he was a senior, he was an editor of the college paper — and he had what he called a “summer of transformation.”. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. In a discussion about the book with Theodore Hamm published in the Brooklyn Rail, Hayden argues, "The apparatus of occupation is never going to turn into a peacekeeping economic development agency. '"[29], During 1976, Hayden made a primary election challenge to California U.S. Undeterred by the weight of the charges, Davis and Rubin audibly called the court “bullsh*t.” Hoffman and Rubin even showed up one day dressed in judicial robes to make a mockery of the courtroom. He was 76 years old. As a founder of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), he mobilized thousands of young people to speak up against the Vietnam War and demand civil rights for all. "[3], Hayden grew up attending a church led by Charles Coughlin, a Catholic priest noted for his anti-Semitic teachings, and who was also known nationally during the time of The Great Depression as the "radio priest". Here, we explore the true story that inspired Aaron Sorkin's 'The Trial of the Chicago 7,' which happened after the protests and riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. I now want to turn to a clip featuring Tom Hayden, yep, another member of the Chicago 7 and 8, produced by The Nation and features Hayden both speaking during the ’68 DNC protests, also decades later. [22], Hayden made several subsequent well-publicized visits to North Vietnam as well as Cambodia during America's involvement in the Vietnam War, which had expanded under President Richard M. Nixon to include the adjoining nations of Laos and Cambodia, although he did not accompany his future wife, actress Jane Fonda, on her especially controversial trip to Hanoi in the spring of 1972. [citation needed], In 2016, Hayden ran to be one of California's representatives to the Democratic National Committee. Chicago 1968: glimpses of when the Democrats met amid a summer of unrest ... Tom Hayden and John Froines get lunch during the trial in 1970. He and Williams adopted a son, Liam (born 2000). That year, with other SNCC women, Casey Hayden coauthored "Sex and Caste"[9] since regarded as a founding document of second-wave feminism. Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the “Chicago Seven" trial in 1969 and 1970. Will Tom Hayden Overcome? [23] The next year he married Fonda and they had one child, Troy Garity, born on July 7, 1973. Unsurprisingly, Hayden quickly became a counterculture icon — and he also got into a lot of trouble. “The Trial of the Chicago 7,” written by acclaimed screenwriter, Aaron Sorkin, tells the true story of the 8 men put on trial for inciting violence during the 1968 Chicago riots that followed the assassinations of JFK, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy. But in American culture, he remained an enduring symbol of a time when young people took history into their own hands. Not that you don’t sometimes yearn to be young again, but you’ll never see the world the way you did when you were truly young.”. Bettmann/Getty ImagesHayden addresses reporters in Chicago’s Dirksen Federal Building. To Helstein's dismay, Alinsky dismissed Hayden's venture into the field as naive and doomed to failure. The Trial of the Chicago 7 revisits the circus-like legal proceedings that pitted anti-war activists including Abbie Hoffman (Sacha Baron Cohen), Tom Hayden (Eddie Redmayne), Black Panther Bobby Seale (Yahya Abdul-Mateen II), and lawyer Bill Kunstler (Mark Ryland) against a hard-nosed judge (Frank Langella) over charges that they conspired to incite violent riots at the 1968 Democratic Convention. The defendants were charged under provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which made it a federal crime to cross state lines to incite a riot. It was from a prison cell in Albany, Georgia, where their ride was to land him, that Hayden began writing the SDS manifesto. Early Life & Education. In 1973, he married actress Jane Fonda, whom he’d met at an antiwar rally. Plot. Of course, being a Freedom Rider wasn’t easy. An anti-Vietnam War protest had long been planned, but things soon spiralled out of control. [39], In his tribute to Hayden following his death, former US President Bill Clinton stated: "Hillary and I knew him for more than thirty years and valued both his words of support and his criticism. the "Chicago Seven" after Bobby Seale's case was separated from the others. These meetings would later have serious consequences. Hayden even personally delivered one to the Kennedy White House. During 2001, he unsuccessfully sought election to the Los Angeles City Council. Five months later, all eight of them are arrested and charged with trying to incite a riot. Tom Hayden however worried that there would be mass arrests and a further escalation in violence, he urged protesters to disperse to the streets in small groups and try to make their way back to the Hilton Hotel. [13], President of the United Packinghouse Workers of America Ralph Helstein arranged for Hayden to meet with Saul Alinsky. [21] Six months after the convention, he and seven other protesters including Rennie Davis, MOBE was an umbrella organization that included groups who were opposed to American participation in the Vietnam War. Upon graduating in 1961, SDS founder Al Haber offered Hayden a position as a field secretary in the South. He visited as soon as 1967, when North Vietnamese leaders asked him to bring three prisoners of war back to the United States. The 1968 Chicago riots, in the United States, were sparked in part by the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. [25][26] Hayden and Fonda divorced in 1990. He served as the editor for the school newspaper, and in his farewell column in the newspaper, he used the first letter of successive paragraphs to spell "Go to hell". "Tom Hayden obituary." Hayden then attended the University of Michigan, where he was editor of the Michigan Daily. The riots themselves started on 28 August 1968, when several thousand protestors tried to march to the International Amphitheatre, where the Democratic National Congress was being held. He also taught at Occidental College and at Harvard University's Institute of Politics. Prohibited from attending his own 1957 graduation, Hayden simply picked up his diploma and left high school behind, ready for college. [34] Hayden served as a member of the advisory board for the Progressive Democrats of America, an organization created to increase progressive political cooperation and influence within the Democratic Party. TOM HAYDEN: There is no such thing as a violent demonstration. In early 1968, the National Mobilization Committee opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were leading political organizers at the time and former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society. King advised Hayden, “Ultimately, you have to take a stand with your life.” Hayden later wrote, “As I left the line, and later as I left Los Angeles, I asked myself why I should be only observing and chronicling this movement instead of participating in it.”. [36] In that same year, he helped initiate Progressives for Obama (now called Progressive America Rising), a group of political progressives that provided assistance for Obama in his initial presidential campaign. Hayden was known for being a passionate writer in his teens — as well as a very mischievous one. It almost cost him his diploma. Josh Zeitz, "Remembering Tom Hayden 1939–2016. The Chicago 7 were a group of defendants accused of conspiracy and inciting to riot – alongside other charges linked to the anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in 1968. The demonstrations were broken up by what was later called by the U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence "a police riot". Rioting and looting followed, with people flooding out onto the streets of major cities. Stirred by her "ability to think morally [and] express herself poetically," Hayden soon followed her into the left-wing grouping. Section 76060.5 allows the establishment of "student representation fees" at colleges in the California Community Colleges System. During 2007, Akashic Books released Hayden's Ending the War in Iraq. The result of this tour of North Vietnam, at a high point in the war, was a book titled The Other Side. "The radical inside the system’: Tom Hayden, protester-turned-politician, dies at 76. 1968 Chicago Riot Left Mark On Political Protests Democrats are gathering for their national convention in Denver with the party divided and the country mired in an unpopular war. Firmly politically engaged by 1960, Tom Hayden managed to snag an interview with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. amidst the masses outside the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. [32] During this time, he was frequently protested by conservative groups, including Vietnamese refugees, veterans of the U.S. military and Young Americans for Freedom. It depicts their travels through North and South Vietnam in spring 1974.[24]. (1972), Introduction to the Enemy (1974), The China Syndrome (1979), Nine to Five (1980) and On Golden Pond (1981). Hayden in the thick of protests during the Democratic National Convention. Some also attempted to march to the convention to protest but the police deemed this march illegal and intervened to ensure they did not make it there. The Chicago Seven (originally eight) were political radicals accused of conspiring to incite the riots that occurred at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Soon riots began, primarily in black urban areas. [33] Student representation fees are used to support the operation of the Student Senate for California Community Colleges. In 1974, he appeared in a brief scene as an ER doctor in the film Death Wish. I know many of you feel very connected to and inspired by... Posted by Rennie Davis on Tuesday, February 2, 2021. "The Politics of 'The Movement'", in Irving Howe (ed.). They were sentenced to five years in prison and fined $5,000. Over 100 major U.S. cities experienced disturbances, resulting in roughly $50 million in damage. With the civil rights movement in full swing, Hayden accepted the offer and joined the Freedom Riders in Atlanta. While he continued to fight for progressive causes, Hayden began to view his youthful endeavors as “overly romantic.”, During the 50th anniversary of the Port Huron Statement, he admitted, “You don’t navigate challenges and remain unchanged. Tom Hayden devoted his life to progressive ideals that the American establishment deemed radical in the 1960s. Jane Fonda, a supporter of the IPC, later turned this moniker into a name for her film production firm, IPC Films, which produced in whole or in part, movies and documentaries such as F.T.A. Thomas Emmet Hayden (December 11, 1939 – October 23, 2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. He was married to Jane Fonda for 17 years, and was the father of actor Troy Garity. AP PhotoAntiwar activist Tom Hayden listens to student leaders in 1980. The Chicago Seven—Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, John Froines, and Lee Weiner—were charged by the government with inciting riots (originally, it was the Chicago Eight—Bobby Seale of the Black Panthers was charged along with the others, but the case against him was dismissed during the trial). Then, learn about the history of hippies. Bettmann/Getty ImagesHayden speaking to protesters at Chicago’s Lincoln Park. 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