Biological Invasions. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.32021. Honolulu, Hawaii: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2018. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FN, Flora of Pakistan, 2018. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Also considered invasive in some areas, Reported as both native and introduced in the country, Naturalized; Original citation: Broome (2018), Cultivated; Original citation: Bolivia Catalogue (2018), Original citation: Idarraga et al. Impatiens walleriana is very similar to Impatiens sodenii and I. balsamina. In Puerto Rico, this species was first collected in 1899 (Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015). Last updated October 2018 / Privacy, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level http://www.griis.org/, Gupta AK, 2011. Online Database. Tropicos website. Balsamina coccinea DC.. Balsamina cornuta DC.. Balsamina foeminea Gaertn.. Balsamina hortensis Desp.. Balsamina lacca Medik.. Balsamina minutiflora Span.. Balsamina mollis G.Don. I. balsamina has escaped from cultivation and is now naturalized in disturbed sites, secondary forests, forest edges and riparian sites. Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region - diversity and implication. Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Solomon Islands introduced invasive 3 (2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 DOI:10.4236/ajps.2012.32021, USDA-ARS, 2018. India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. Impatiens … Life Science Journal, 5(2), 84-89. (Flora introducida en el Santuario Histórico de Machu Picchu: inventario y prioridades de manejo para la conservación de la biodiversidad.). The PLANTS Database. London, UK: Botanical Society of the British Isles. In: Flora Mesoamericana. In Nicaragua, and other tropical regions, this species flowers and fruits throughout the year (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Flora of Nicaragua, 2018). Taxon name on voucher: Impatiens balsamina L. Philippines Philippine Islands Philippine Islands introduced invasive cultivated Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (pp. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98. Garden balsam, rose balsam, spotted snapweed, touch-me-not Synonyms. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Impatiens balsamina. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Flora of China. Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) can grow to about 30 inches tall and taller varieties of busy Lizzy reach 24 inches. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. In cultivation, I. balsamina is impacted by insects. (2004) disputed such classifications … Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USDA-NRCS, 2018. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, University of Florida. The fungal disease downy mildew is caused by the pathogen Plasmopara obducens, and has been recorded in Europe, Asia, North America and Australia infecting a number of wild and cultivated Impatiens species, including I. walleriana and I. balsamina (Jones and O’Neill, 2004; Cunnington et al., 2006). Balsamina angustifolia Blume. Janssens, S. B., Knox, E. B., Huysmans, S., Smets, E. F., Merckx, V. S. F. T., 2009. Tropicos website. In: Plant invasions: human perception, ecological impacts and management, [ed. Species in the genus Impatiens are susceptible to powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera fuliginea. Oviedo Prieto R, González-Oliva L, 2015. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. A plant growing 20 - 75 cm tall (8 - 30 in) with a thick, soft stem. Leaves alternate, the lowermost occasionally pseudo-opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate; petioles 2-13 mm; blades 2.7-9 x 1.1-2.6 cm, lanceolate to narrowly-elliptic or oblanceolate, glabrous or finely pubescent above and below, the base cuneate-acuminate, the margins serrate-dentate, with several dark sessile glands towards the base of the blade, the apex acute. 518-519) Fairly common in cultivation in different forms, sometimes occuring as an escape in waste places. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. You can remove wilted flowers as you go to encourage new blooms to appear. Impatiens balsamina. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2018. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster (Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica)., San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad. 2), 1-88. http://repositorio.geotech.cu/jspui/bitstream/1234/1476/4/Lista%20nacional%20de%20plantas%20invasoras%20de%20Cuba-2015.pdf, PIER, 2018. Seeds can be secondarily dispersed by wind and water and as a contaminant on topsoil (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Stevens, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; PIER, 2018). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. 14 (5), 915-927. http://www.springerlink.com/content/mp782272x513px25/ DOI:10.1007/s10530-011-0129-1, Figueiredo E, Paiva J, Stévart T, Oliveira F, Smith G F, 2011. Chong K Y, Tan H T W, Corlett R T, 2009. Via human introduction it is now present across much of the Northern Hemisphere and is considered an invasive species in many areas. Balsams on the offensive: the role of planting in the invasion of Impatiens species. Celesti-Grapow L, Pretto F, Carli E, Blasi C, 2010. 12(2): medicinal and poisonous plants 2. I. balsamina spreads by seed. Maintenance, balsam pruning. However, it is probably native to India and Myanmar (USDA-ARS, 2018) and is recorded as both native and introduced in Sri Lanka (Flora of Pakistan, 2018; India Biodiversity Portal, 2018). European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. It is cultivated as an ornamental and naturalized across Europe, parts of tropical Africa and much of tropical and temperate Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean and many islands in the Pacific Ocean (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; Flora of Pakistan, 2018; GRIIS, 2018; PIER, 2018; PROTA, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). 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