The government of the Soviet Union, formed in 1922 with the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian, Ukrainian, and Byelorussian republics, was based on the one-party rule of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks), who increasingly developed a totalitarian regime, especially during the reign of … Although many of the former Russian holdings had experienced a period of freedom in 1917, after the empire fell, the communist leaders of Russia began to reassert their authority over the breakaway regions on … The threat of this form of response was meant to serve as a deterrent against Soviet aggression on the continent. Other nations – such as East and West Germany – united to form one nation. Although formed in response to the exigencies of the developing Cold War, NATO has lasted beyond the end of that conflict, with membership even expanding to include some former Soviet states. Most of these countries declared independence a few months preceding the fall of the Soviet Union in late 1991. Fifteen new countries became independent with the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. The Soviet Union was supposed to be “a society of true democracy,” but in many ways it was no less repressive than the czarist autocracy that preceded it. Fifteen of these nations came to be after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Fifteen new countries became independent when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) dissolved in 1991. This is partially due to dissolution of countries like the USSR or nations that gained their independence. Collapse of the Soviet Union, sequence of events that led to the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. on December 31, 1991. Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, former republic. The reforms implemented by President Mikhail Gorbachev and the backlash against them hastened the demise of the Soviet state. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Rus. What was the USSR formed for? The Soviet Union was the first state to be based on Marxist socialism (see also Marxism; communism). In 1939, the population increased by 17 percent to … Despite the destruction in the Russian Civil War, the population grew to 92.7 million in 1926. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics . Most of these countries declared independence a few months before the Soviet Union officially collapsed: The answer you want is 1991, but it's not accurate to say the Soviet Union was "renamed" Russia. Since 1990, there have been 34 new countries created. In 1917, the population of Russia in its present borders was 91 million. The original states of the USSR were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Learn more about one of the key events of the 20th century in … The Soviet Union was formed in 1922 from the wreckage of the Russian Empire. 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