Simon A. Levin is currently George M. Moffett Professor of Biology and Director of the Center for BioComplexity, Princeton University. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.425, Dept. The resilience of social-ecological systems is related to the degree of the shock that the system can absorb and remain within a given state. They are used to gain ecological and evolutionary insights and to predict distributions across landscapes, ...Read More, This supplement provides additional references for the information in our review, following the same structure as the main article. 31:425-439 (Volume publication date November 2000) Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Biodiversity, Species Distribution Models: Ecological Explanation and Prediction Across Space and Time, Abstract - Figures - Supplemental Materials, Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change, THE CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY, Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems, Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems, Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.425. Research evidence is summarized to illustrate parallels in concepts and findings from studies of child and family resilience, with special emphasis on … Holling recognized the importance of the qualities that allowed a forest to persist as a functioning forest rather than its ability to harbour particular species at fixed levels or to maintain an arbitrary level of primary production. Holling wrote a paper that focused on the dichotomy between a type of resilience inherent in an engineered device (that is, the stability that comes from a machine designed to operate within a narrow range of expected circumstances) and the resilience that emphasizes an ecosystem’s persistence as a particular ecosystem type (e.g., a forest as opposed to grassland), the latter being affected by substantially more factors than the former. Resilience Theory argues that the important is how we deal with the difficulties rather than the nature of adversities. ref. Resilience theory is often presented graphically in an attempt to clarify this abstract concept. Towards an Ecological Understanding of Resilience in Trauma Survivors: Implications for Theory, Research and Practice Mary R. Harvey Victims of Violence Program Cambridge Health … It also uses cookies for the purposes of performance measurement. In addition to her work on the relevance of social-ecological resilience for urban governance in theory and practice, her current research also includes studies of how urban governance deals with ecology and how strategic spatial planning deals with uncertainty. It helps us survive, recover, and even thrive in the face and wake of misfortune – … by . Resilience may be used to refer to particular propertie… dirac lars twidwell jr. references. Within resilience theory, and based on ecological resilience, “social-ecological resilience” refers to the ability of a social-ecological system to absorb change and disturbance without shifting to a new regime with a different set of processes and structures—i.e., without transforming into a new system state (Walker and Salt, 2006). As mentioned in the Small Island Press bio, C.S. To explain this, we first scrutinize the meanings, attributes, and uses of resilience in ecology and elsewhere to construct a typology of definitions. Vol. Gill Windle from Bangor University and I developed a model of resilience that we published in 2011. Resilience is often promoted as a boundary concept to integrate the social and natural dimensions of sustainability. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Boundary objects have benefits of bringing people together from different disciplines, as long as there is awareness of the potential for misunderstanding. This paper makes a theoretical contribution to this emerging inter-disciplinary exploration. 40, 2009, Species distribution models (SDMs) are numerical tools that combine observations of species occurrence or abundance with environmental estimates. Generic Indicators of Ecological Resilience: Inferring the Chance of a Critical Transition Marten Scheffer, Stephen R. Carpenter, Vasilis Dakos, and Egbert H. van Nes Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Mechanisms of Maintenance of Species Diversity Peter Chesson In particular, the ideas and techniques are being applied to medicine (such as in the onset of migraines or cardiac problems), research into climate change, and the operation of financial systems and markets. Complex food-web interactions (e.g., herbivory , trophic cascades), reproductive cycles, population connectivity, and recruitment are key ecological processes that support the resilience of ecosystems like coral reefs. Ecological resilience is increasingly a policy goal, with a need to apply ecological concepts relating to resilience to environmental management. This elasticity means that ecosystem properties, such as changes in nutrient flow or the number of species, are more resilient due to changes in species composition. Ecological resilience refers to the ability of an ecosystem to maintain key functions and processes in the face of stresses or pressures, by resisting and then adapting to change. Furthermore, in the ocean, where individual fish species have long been the subject of regulation, there is growing recognition of the need to expand efforts to manage large areas as integrated ecosystems. Resilience is the capacity of a social-ecological system to absorb or withstand perturbations and other stressors such that the system remains within the same regime, essentially maintaining its … When a complex system is forced beyond the boundaries of a regime, i.e., a regime shift, the new regime is typically characterized by a new set of structures and processes. Figure 5: Both habitat loss and habitat fragmentation per se (independent of habitat loss) result in smaller patches. Other authors consider resilience as a return time to a stable state following a perturbation. A greater emphasis on the identification of early-warning indicators, such as statistical fluctuations or correlations, has emerged. Figure 4: (A) Patch-scale study. Students then reflect on the role of theory in sustainability science and explore concepts and methods for understanding how ecological processes support human wellbeing. Guest Editorial, part of a Special Feature on Exploring Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems Exploring Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems Through Comparative Studies and Theory Development: Introduction to the Special Issue Brian H. Walker 1, John M. Anderies 2, … Gray areas are forest. However, it is a troubled dialogue from which social scientists may feel detached. In addition, redundancy (niche overlap between species) and modularity (the interconnectedness of a system’s components) are considered to be important factors that determine an ecosystem’s resilience. The resilience of social-ecological systems is related to the degree of the shock that the system can absorb and remain within a given state. Since then, the concept has come to hold special importance in the areas of environmental conservation and management. Bronfenbrenner divides the environment into 5 different levels. Background: The development of Bronfenbrenner's bio-social-ecological systems model of human development parallels advances made to the theory of resilience that progressively moved from a more individual (micro) focus on traits to a multisystemic understanding of person-environment reciprocal processes. Generally, it shows high levels of ecological resilience occur in the south and low in the north. Please see our Privacy Policy. Transformability is increasingly promoted as a way of moving societies toward more sustainable futures in the era of the Anthropocene, mostly because the concept of resilience has fallen short in many instances where impacts on social-ecological systems are continuous, varied, and usually unknown. You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) feel detached international membership comprised of from... The role of theory in sustainability science and explore concepts and methods for understanding ecological... 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